Intro to Kings

 

Like the books of Samuel, 1 & 2 Kings were originally one book in the Hebrew texts. The Septuagint was the first translation to separate them into two individual books. It is understood that, like Samuel, the purpose for dividing the books into two was for ease of copying such lengthy books.

The author(s) of Kings is unknown. What is known is that the book of Kings was most likely written during Babylonian captivity, between 561-538 BC

The theme of Kings is evident in its title. It is a history of the kings of Israel from the end of David, through Solomon, then on into a divided kingdom. It introduces Israel’s rise to physical prosperity which, eventually led to their fall from God. It also introduces a recurring theme throughout Kings, Chronicles, and the Prophets – God’s messengers sent to call Israel to repentance and a heart that turned away from the idolatry of this world back to the God they once served.
 
In all, both the northern and southern kingdoms of Israel and Judah each had 20 kings from the time it divided under Rehoboam (Solomon’s son) until both kingdoms were taken into captivity, first Israel in the north in 722 BC by the Syrians, then Judah in the south in 586 BC by the Babylonians.