Intro to Chronicles

The Hebrew word for Chronicles is Hayyamim, which translated means The Events, or The Annuls. The Septuagint (Greek translation of the Old Testament) referred to the book as The Things Omitted. This indicated that Chronicles was a supplement to the book of Kings (see intro to Kings).

According to Jewish tradition, Ezra the scribe wrote the books of Chronicles. This would date the writings after Israel’s captivity in Babylon and return to the Holy land at around 450B.C or slightly after. Ezra was part of the second wave of deportations from Babylon to Israel. This makes sense considering both the Christian Bible and the Jewish Torah place both letters next to one another in order of writings. Although the Torah cites Chronicles as one book, the Bible separates them into two books as with Samuel and Kings.

The theme of Chronicles is very similar to Kings. Much of the historical information closely resembles that of Kings, and even some of Samuel.  Some have even compared the similarities and differences of these books to the 4 Gospel accounts of Jesus’ life on this earth. All tell the same story, just from different perspectives.

Chronicles covers a much greater span of history than does Kings. Where Kings only covers the detailed history of the kings of Israel and Judah, Chronicles goes all the way back to the beginnings of Jewish genealogy.

1 Chronicles seems to parallel 2 Samuel in that it details the life of David, while 2 Chronicles focuses primarily on the southern kingdoms of Judah. Over half of the information in Chronicles is unique to Chronicles and not found in Samuel or Kings.